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README.md

EVT 2.0 (evt-viewer-angular) Build Status

1 - Introduction

1.1 - About EVT

EVT (Edition Visualization Technology) is a light-weight, open source tool specifically designed to create digital editions from texts encoded according to the TEI XML schemas and Guidelines, freeing the scholars from the burden of web programming and enabling the final users to browse, explore and study digital editions by means of a user-friendly interface.

This tool was born in the context of the Digital Vercelli Book project, in order to allow the creation of a digital edition (which has been available in beta form for more than two years) of the Vercelli Book, a parchment codex of the late tenth century, now preserved in the Archivio e Biblioteca Capitolare of Vercelli and regarded as one of the four most important manuscripts of the Anglo-Saxon period as it regards the transmission of poetic texts in the Old English language. However it has evolved into a tool suitable to fit different texts and needs. For example, it is now being used to publish the digital edition of the Codice Pelavicino manuscript, a medieval codex preserving charters dating back to the XIII century. The continuous development and need to adapt it to different types of documents and TEI-encoded texts has shifted the development focus towards the creation of a more general tool for the web publication of TEI-based digital editions, able to cater for multiple use cases.

The entire structure of the software has been remodeled, in order to make it lighter, more usable and more adaptable; we decided to use the Model View Controller (MVC) approach, that is a very common architectural pattern in object-oriented programming, that allows to separate the logical presentation of the data, from the application logic and the processing core. Wanting to maintain the original feature of EVT, and therefore do not give up the client only approach, we decided to use Angular, a JavaScript framework inspired by the MVC programming logic, especially suitable for the development of client-side Web applications; among other things, this framework allows to define custom HTML components and use the data-binding mechanism to associate the model of the data to the UI elements, and manage the updates of the latter avoiding the direct DOM manipulation.

1.2 - How it works

Before the refactoring, EVT was composed of two main units: EVT Builder, for the transformation of the encoded text using special XSLT 2.0 templates, and EVT Viewer, for the visualization into a browser of the results of the transformations and the interaction with them. The idea under the new version of EVT is instead to leave to EVT Viewer the task of reading and parsing with JavaScript functions the encoded text, and “save” as much as possible within a data model, that persists in the client main memory, and is organized in a way that allows a very quick access to the data in case of need. This has obviously led to the elimination of the EVT Builder level, and therefore it allows to open a digital edition directly in the browser without any previous XSLT transformation.

1.3 - Main features

At the present moment, EVT is being moved from AngularJS to Angular 2+. For a complete list of features, please refer to the AngularJS version

2 - A short guide to EVT

If you are interested in using EVT 2 to prepare an edition right away, you should probably download the ready-to-use release package that can be downloaded from SourceForge. See the Installation and use section first, then Configuration, to understand how EVT works and how you can use it to publish your editions. A more detailed guide will be published separately, as a reference manual, and will also include instructions about customization.

If, on the other hand, you are interested in developing a specific functionality in EVT 2, or in modifying an existing one, or preparing your edition with the most recent (yet stable) version of EVT, you should download the GitHub Development framework. See the Development framework installation and use section to know how to install and configure the environment needed for this purpose. If you intend to change the source code for personal needs, please fork the project. If you want to contribute to the main project (by fixing a bug or adding a feature), please ask for a pull request and/or contact us at evt.developers@gmail.com.

2.1 - Installation and use

Work in progress... stay in touch!

2.2 - Configuration

Work in progress... stay in touch!

3 - Development framework installation and use

This project was generated with Angular CLI version 8.3.3.

3.1 - Requirements

For development, you will only need Node.js installed on your environement. And please use the appropriate Editorconfig plugin for your Editor (not mandatory).

3.2 - Node

Node is really easy to install & now include NPM. You should be able to run the following command after the installation procedure below.

$ node --version
v10.15.3

$ npm --version
6.4.1

3.3 - Install

$ git clone https://github.com/evt-project/evt-viewer-angular.git
$ cd evt-viewer-angular
$ npm install

3.4 - Start & watch with development server

$ npm run start

If nothing happens, then open your browser and navigate to http://localhost:4200/. The app will automatically reload if you change any of the source files.

With the second instruction you can choose the port where to run the application (es ng serve --port=4202, thenn connecto to http://localhost:4202/).

3.5 - Code scaffolding

Run npm run ng generate component component-name to generate a new component. You can also use npm run ng generate directive|pipe|service|class|guard|interface|enum|module.

3.6 - Simple build for production

$ npm run build

The build artifacts will be stored in the dist/ directory. With the second instruction you can use the --prod flag for a production build.

3.7 - Generate documentation

For the documentation we use Compodoc

  • Run npm run doc:build for generating the documentation, which will be created in documentation folder.
  • Run npm run doc:serve for serving it (then just open http://localhost:8080 in your browser).
  • Run npm run doc:buildandserve for generatin and serving it.

3.8 - Running unit tests

Run npm run test to execute the unit tests via Karma.

3.9 - Running end-to-end tests

Run npm run e2e to execute the end-to-end tests via Protractor.

4 - Main Development Instruction

4.1 - Handle color theme

This new version of EVT is able to handle multiple themes at runtime. A "theme" is intended as a particular palette or set of color used for the main UI components. The theme can also change dimensions or other properties.

In the file assets/scss/_themes.scss we defined a global variable $theme where we declare every single color used in the UI components. Each color must exist in every single theme.

The themed rules depend on the data-theme attribute added to a div element of the AppComponent that encloses the whole application. The data-theme attribute is constantly linked to the current theme variable. We decided to embody everything in this external div in order to lighten the number of bindings of elements that need a connection to the current theme.

4.1.1 - Add a new theme

To add a new theme just follow the steps below:

  • add an object at the end of the current list of themes, which has all the properties of an existing one (we recommend doing copy-paste to be sure not to lose anything);
  • change the color codes as desired;
  • add the new theme id to the list of available themes in the ThemeService (themes.service.ts):

    {
        value: 'myThemeKey',
        label: 'My Theme Label'
    }
    
    • the value is the ID of the new theme, the key of the object previously created;
    • the label is the label to be displayed in the theme selector in the UI.

4.1.2 - Add new themed CSS rules

To add new CSS rules so that colors are retrieved from the current theme (and change automatically when the theme changes at runtime), just follow the steps below:

  • import the file _themes.scss in the *.scss file of the component

    	@import "path/to/_theme.scss";
    
  • Embody every css rule to be themed in the following instruction:

    	h1 {
        @include themify($themes){
            color: themed('baseColorDark');
        }
    }
    

    Within this instruction, every css rule that uses a color and need to be linked to the current theme, must be defined as

        themed("colorKey");
    

    where colorKey is the key of the color within the object representing a theme defined in the file _theme.scss.

4.1.3 - The themify mixin

The themify mixin will add a CSS rule for each theme for the CSS rules defined within it. The @each $theme, $map in $themes tell Sass to loop over the $themes map that was defined above. On each loop, it assigns these values to $theme and $map respectively.

  • $theme - Theme name
  • $map - Map of all theme variables

Then the map-get() function is used to get any theme variable from $map and output the correct property for each theme. The & refer to parent selectors and placing it after [data-theme="#{$theme}"] tells Sass to output any parent selectors after the theme name. To use this mixin, just be sure that the element for which you are defining the CSS rules is included in a *[data-theme]="theme-name" element and embody every CSS rule that needs to be themified within the mixin:

btn-primary {
    @include themify($themes) {
        color: themed('baseColorDark');
    }
}

4.2 - Localization

To handle localization we use the plugin angular-l10n[https://github.com/robisim74/angular-l10n]; in this way we can offer a runtime solution for language switching without fully reload the application.

Translations are defined in a JSON file (one for each language), saved inside the folder assets/l10n. This JSON is organized as follows:

{
	"KEY": "Text in a particular language",
	...
}

The KEY is the unique identifier used in the angular application (usually in the HTML template) whenever we need to retrieve a translated text.

4.2.1 - Add a text in the localization

To add a new text in the localization, you just need to add a pair "KEY": "Text" for every language already esisting. If you don't know the translation in a particular language use the English and let us know: we will handle the missing translations.

4.2.2 - Work with localization in angular templates

To add a text in the UI so that it will be correctly translated when needed, just follow the steps below:

  • In the HTML template, use the pipe translate whenever you need to insert a localized text, referring to the KEY that represents the text in question. (NB: the KEY must exist in the JSON of the translations!):

    <span [title]="'myTitle' | translate">
        {{'myText' | translate}}
    </span>
    
  • In every existing json file for localization, add the new KEY and its translation:

    en.json
    {
        "myTitle": "My Title",
        "myText": "This is my text"
    }
    it.json
    {
        "myTitle": "Il mio titolo",
        "myText": "Questo è il mio testo"
    }
    

    4.2.3 - Add a new language

    To add a new language to the localization so that it is automatically displayed in the language selector, just follow the steps below:

  • Add the JSON file of the new language in the assets/i18n folder.

    • This file must be named as "LANGUAGE_CODE.json", where "LANGUAGE_CODE" is the reference code of the new language;
    • this file must present ALL the keys that exist in the other files, so it is advisable to make a copy-paste of one of the files already present before starting with the translations.
  • In the ui_config.json file, add an element to the list of availableLanguages. This element must be structured as follows:

    { 
        "code": "CD", 
        "dir": "ltr",
        "label": "Lang Label",
        "enabled": true
    }
    
    • code indicates the language code (the one used to name the JSON file);
    • label indicates the language label, to be shown in the UI
    • enabled indicates if the language should be activated or deactivated
  • In every other JSON translations file the key "language_LANGUAGE_CODE" to have a translation of the name of the new language in all the others already present and managed.

  • Finally, add a .png file that depicts the flag identifying the new language in the assets/images folder. This file must be named with the code of the new language and must preferably be a square with not too large dimensions.

  • For further information please refer to official documentation og ngx-translate/core plugin

4.3 - SCSS

EVT uses .scss files. During development you can use some useful global variables and mixins. They are defined respectively in the files below:

  • /assets/scss/_variables.scss
  • /assets/scss/_mixins.scss

To use them, please refer to official scss documentation.

5 - EVT Configuration

There are several configuration options, ranging from the folders where edition data is stored to User Interface layout and available tools, that can be set by editing the configuration files that you can find in the assets/config directory. To facilitate the configuration work, configuration options are divided into three macro group:

  • Edition Configuration (edition_config.json), where to set the configurations closely related to the digital edition, such as the title, the edition level(s), etc.
  • File Configuration (file_config.json), where to set the path(s) to the file(s) of the digital edition.
  • Ui Configuration (ui_config.json), where to set the configuration closely related to the UI, such as the default language, the default/available theme(s), etc.

Configurations is defined as a AppConfig provider and is injected into main app module. It is loaded during app initialization, to that it will be immediately available for every component. The three groups are gathered (although kept divided) in a single EVTConfig object.

interface EVTConfig {
    ui: UiConfig;
    edition: EditionConfig;
    files: FileConfig;
}

If you want to use a parameter from configuration in your component, you just need to import AppConfig and directly use its properties:

import { AppConfig } from '../app.config';
@Component({
  selector: 'my-component',
  templateUrl: './my-component.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./my-component.component.scss']
})
export class MyComponent {
    private editionTitle: string;
    constructor() {
        this.editionTitle = AppConfig.evtSettings.edition.title;
    }
}

5.1 - Edition Configuration

  • title: string;, the main title of the digital edition. If you want to allow the translation of the title, use the proper key of the locale json file. If you leave it blank the default 'EVT Viewer' title will be shown.
  • \\ [...]

5.2 - File Configuration

  • editionUrls: string[];, list of paths to file(s) of your encoded edition. It can point either to an internal folder or to an external online resource.
  • \\ [...]

5.3 - UI Configuration

  • localization: boolean;, whether to have localization buttons to allow language change at runtime
  • defaultLocalization: string;, the code of the default language to be used
  • \\ [...]

6 - EVT Manual

Work in progress... stay in touch!

7 - Feedback

User feedback is very much appreciated: please send all comments, suggestions, bug reports, etc. to evt.developers@gmail.com.